Well, there are thousands of articles that tell you that booking in advance is something that will always help you get the cheapest flights. Strongly agree. What I really shouldn't see should be writing another article that tells you the same thing.
Instead, I just wanted to write a few quick notes for wondering why this is the strategy airlines use? Why do they benefit from it?
There are several reasons why this happened. To understand this, we need to figure out what will happen if this strategy is not put in place. Of course, we humans like to do things at the last minute, and a huge number of people book flights on the last day. Why book earlier? Imagine that you have to cancel it for some reason! Of course we are not stupid and we would do it completely before we leave.
I could tell that some people would book earlier for fear of running out of space. It could be, but if we look at the planes today, you will find that there are always some places left besides the main holidays. That would be another article, but here comes one of the main reasons why there are extremely discounted tickets!
Why are airlines not interested in last minute bookings? Well, he has to plan ahead for many reasons. Knowledge of aircraft occupancy will allow them to analyze the situation and change prices accordingly, they must plan the food they will need for this flight, as well as the space needed for luggage. If they knew the plane would be almost empty, it was time to make changes and choose a smaller plane to make the trip.
At the same time, people who usually book at the last minute travel for business reasons. As stated in another article, business travelers are expected to pay more because their companies are the ones who pay for the tickets, and therefore the tariffs are planned according to their needs. I mean, high fares won't scare any company, but it can scare a lot of tourists. It is better to let tourists book earlier because they have a reduced budget, and then business travelers will have no problem providing higher prices.
Short and easy. These are the reasons why airlines have better prices for the first occupied seats.